On this day

On This Day

On This Day: African-American Civil Rights Activist Rosa Parks’ Death

On this day: in history (2005), Rosa Parks died at 92. She was an African American civil rights activist whose refusal to relinquish her seat on a public bus to a white man in 1955 helped ignite the American civil rights movement. The United States Congress honoured her as “the first lady of civil rights” and “the mother of the freedom movement”. On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks rejected bus driver James F. Blake’s order to vacate a row of four seats in the “colored” section in favour of a White passenger, once the “White” section was filled. Parks was not the first person to resist bus segregation, but the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) believed that she was the best candidate for seeing through a court challenge after her arrest for civil disobedience in violating Alabama segregation laws, and she helped inspire the Black community to boycott the Montgomery buses for over a year. The case became bogged down in the state courts, but the federal Montgomery bus lawsuit Browder v. Gayle resulted in a November 1956 decision that bus segregation is unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. #myhistorydiary #history #nigeria #blacklivesmatter #freedom   Created by Okey Obiabunmo

On This Day

On This Day: The First Train Robbery in American History

On this day: in history (1866), John and Simeon Reno popularly known as the Reno Brothers Gang, staged the first train robbery in American history, making off with $13,000 from an Ohio and Mississippi railroad train in Jackson County, Indiana. Before the Reno Brothers robbery, previous crimes had all been burglaries of stationary trains sitting in depots. The Reno brothers’ contribution to criminal history was to stop a moving train in a sparsely populated region where they could carry out their crime without risking interference from the law. Other criminal gangs, like Butch Cassidy’s Wild Bunch, found that robbing trains was so easy and lucrative that for a time, they made it their criminal specialty. The railroad owners, however, were not about to sit back and let Reno gang or any other bandit freely liquidate their investments. To their dismay, would-be train robbers increasingly found that the cash and precious metals on trains were well protected in massive safes watched over by heavily armed guards. As a result, by the late 19th century, train robbery was becoming an increasingly difficult and dangerous profession. The Reno Brothers robbery gang was broken up by the lynchings of ten of its members by vigilante mobs in 1868. The murders created an international diplomatic incident with Canada and Great Britain, a general public uproar, and international newspaper coverage. No one was ever identified or prosecuted for the lynchings. #myhistorydiary #history #robbery #crime #nigeria   Created by Okey Obiabunmo

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